Complete Guide to Visiting Istanbul

Complete Guide to Visiting Istanbul

Embark on an unforgettable journey to Istanbul, a city that bridges two continents and weaves together a rich tapestry of history, culture, and modernity. From the majestic mosques and ancient palaces to the bustling markets and vibrant neighborhoods, Istanbul offers a captivating blend of old-world charm and contemporary allure. Whether you’re strolling through the historic streets of Sultanahmet or savoring the delectable flavors of Turkish cuisine, each moment in this enchanting city is a treasure waiting to be discovered.

How to Travel to Istanbul?

Traveling to Istanbul is an exciting experience, and the city is well-connected with various transportation options. Here are the ways to travel to Istanbul:

By Air

Istanbul is well-connected with two main airports:

  • Istanbul Airport (IST): The city’s primary international airport is located on the European side, serving flights worldwide.
  • Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (SAW): Located on the Asian side, it serves as a hub for many low-cost carriers.

By Train

International train services like the Balkan Express connect Istanbul to European cities such as Bucharest, Sofia, and Belgrade.

By Bus

Istanbul has bus connections with various cities in Turkey and neighboring countries, providing an affordable travel option.

By Car

If you prefer a road trip, you can drive to Istanbul. However, be mindful of traffic, parking challenges, and road tolls.

Remember to check visa requirements, transportation options, and other essential travel details before embarking on your journey to Istanbul.

Visa Requirements for Istanbul

Visa requirements for traveling to Istanbul vary based on your purpose of travel and visa agreement with Turkey. Checking the specific visa requirements based on your country of residence before making travel plans is crucial. See here whether you need a visa for Turkey.

You will typically be asked to submit certain documents when you apply for a Turkish visa. These may include a completed visa application form, a valid passport, proof of your travel itinerary, and evidence of sufficient funds to cover your expenses during your stay. Additionally, you must provide a recent visa photo that meets the specific photo requirements set by the Turkish authorities.

Please note that regardless of your country of residence, if you plan to stay longer in Turkey (more than 90 days), you must apply for a residence permit. This requirement applies to all travelers seeking to extend their stay beyond the permitted visa-free period.

Travel Insurance for Istanbul

Travel insurance is a mandatory requirement for Turkey visa applicants. Some countries, like certain EU countries, have visa-free entry for up to 30 days, while others can apply for an e-Visa. If you are exempt from obtaining a visa for Turkey, travel insurance is not compulsory but highly recommended. It is always wise to have travel insurance when visiting a foreign country, even if it is not obligatory.

Medical Emergency Information

In case of a medical emergency in Istanbul, call 112 for immediate assistance. The city has reputable hospitals, such as Acıbadem, Florence Nightingale, and American Hospital Istanbul, ensuring access to quality medical care. Ensure you carry the necessary medication information and a copy of your prescription, including generic names, to facilitate refills.

Language barriers may exist, so having a medical translation card or a translation app with common medical terms in Turkish can be helpful when communicating with healthcare professionals. Always prioritize your safety and seek prompt medical attention if needed. Familiarize yourself with the nearest medical facilities to your accommodation and keep important emergency numbers, including your embassy or consulate, readily accessible.

Transportation in Istanbul

Transportation in Istanbul is well-developed, offering an extensive public transportation system with buses, trams, metro lines, and ferries accessible through the Istanbulkart. The Istanbulkart is a rechargeable contactless card offering discounted fares and convenience for multiple passengers. The metro and trams provide efficient connections between neighborhoods and tourist attractions, while buses cover diverse routes. Ferries provide a scenic way to cross between the European and Asian sides of the city.

Taxis, dolmuş (shared minivans), and cable cars are alternative transportation options. Bike-sharing services and scooter rentals are convenient for short trips, and private boat tours on the Bosphorus provide a leisurely experience. Public transportation is generally the most efficient way to navigate the city, and the Istanbulkart ensures easy access to various modes of transportation. Walking is also a pleasant option for exploring many attractions and neighborhoods in Istanbul.

Accommodation in Istanbul

Istanbul offers diverse accommodation options to cater to travelers’ varied preferences and budgets. Here are some noteworthy choices:

  • Ibrahim Pasha Hotel: In Sultanahmet’s heart, Ibrahim Pasha Hotel is a charming boutique hotel with an elegant Ottoman-inspired design. Its central location allows easy access to major attractions like Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque.
  • Villa Denise: Nestled in a peaceful neighborhood, Villa Denise offers a tranquil and homely atmosphere. This quaint guesthouse retreats from the bustling city and is an excellent choice for those seeking a more relaxed ambiance.
  • Anemon Galata Hotel: Situated in the trendy Galata neighborhood, Anemon Galata Hotel offers contemporary accommodation with stylish interiors. It’s an ideal option for travelers exploring the city’s vibrant arts and cultural scene.
  • Sumahan-on-the-Water: This luxury hotel stands on the waterfront of the Bosphorus, offering stunning views and a serene setting. Sumahan-on-the-Water provides a luxurious escape while close to the city’s attractions.
  • Hotel Daphnis: Located in the heart of Istanbul, Hotel Daphnis offers modern amenities and easy access to shopping, dining, and entertainment options, making it a practical choice for urban exploration.
  • Sinbad Hostel: Sinbad Hostel offers shared dorms and private rooms as a budget-friendly option, making it a popular choice for backpackers and young travelers looking to socialize and explore the city on a budget.
  • Rapunzel Guesthouse: This cozy guesthouse is known for its warm hospitality and welcoming atmosphere. Situated in a quiet neighborhood, it’s an excellent spot for relaxation after a day of sightseeing.
  • Antique Hostel: Antique Hostel offers a charming stay in a restored Ottoman building for a blend of history and affordability. Its central location allows easy access to major landmarks and public transportation.

Food in Istanbul

Food in Istanbul is a delightful culinary journey that showcases the city’s rich history and diverse influences. Here’s an overview of the delicious food experiences you can enjoy in Istanbul:

  • Turkish Breakfast (Kahvaltı): Start your day with a traditional Turkish breakfast featuring various savory and sweet items. Enjoy olives, cheese, tomatoes, cucumbers, pastries, and rich Turkish tea.
  • Kebabs: Istanbul offers a variety of kebabs, including the popular döner kebab. These dishes consist of meat – often lamb or chicken – cooked on a vertical rotisserie and served with accompaniments.
  • Street Food: Delight in an array of street food options like simit (sesame-coated bread ring), roasted chestnuts, and grilled corn on the cob.
  • Turkish Delight: Indulge in the famous Turkish delight, a gel-like confection flavored with various ingredients such as nuts, fruits, and spices.
  • Baklava: Savor the sweet layers of flaky pastry, nuts, and syrupy goodness in a piece of baklava.
  • Seafood: Being a city surrounded by water, Istanbul offers an array of seafood dishes, including fish sandwiches and seafood mezes.
  • Tea and Coffee: Enjoy a glass of strong Turkish tea or coffee. The coffee is often served with a fortune-telling ritual using the coffee grounds.
  • Desserts: Don’t miss out on trying kunefe (shredded pastry with sweet cheese filling) and revani (semolina cake soaked in syrup), among other delectable desserts.

Shopping in Istanbul

Istanbul offers an unparalleled shopping experience, from bustling bazaars to modern malls. Here are some of the top shopping destinations:

  • Grand BazaGoodr (Kapalıçarşı): One of the world’s oldest and largest covered markets, the Grand Bazaar is a labyrinthine treasure trove. Explore a myriad of shops offering carpets, textiles, jewelry, spices, lanterns, and more.
  • Spice Bazaar (Mısır Çarşısı): Engage your senses at the Spice Bazaar, where you can find a vibrant array of spices, sweets, teas, and turkish delight.
  • Istiklal Avenue: This bustling pedestrian street is lined with boutiques, cafes, restaurants, and entertainment options. It’s an excellent place for fashion, books, and souvenir shopping.
  • Nişantaşı: If you’re looking for high-end fashion and luxury brands, Nişantaşı is the place to be. It’s often compared to Paris’ Champs-Elysées.
  • Kadıköy: Located on the Asian side, Kadıköy offers a wide range of products, including antiques, books, and local delicacies.
  • Arasta Bazaar: Situated near the Blue Mosque, the Arasta Bazaar offers a more peaceful shopping experience with its selection of handicrafts, ceramics, textiles, and jewelry.

Must-Visit Attractions

Istanbul is brimming with remarkable attractions that capture its historical and cultural essence. Here are some must-visit sites:

  • Hagia Sophia: This architectural marvel has served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral, a Byzantine basilica, an Ottoman mosque, and now a museum. It’s a testament to Istanbul’s diverse history.
  • Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque): Admire the stunning blue tiles that adorn this iconic mosque’s interior. It’s an active religious site, so be mindful of prayer times.
  • Topkapi Palace: Delve into Ottoman history at this opulent palace complex. Explore its exquisite chambers, lush courtyards, and the renowned Harem section.
  • Bosphorus Cruise: Enjoy a scenic cruise along the Bosphorus to take in panoramic views of Istanbul’s skyline, Ottoman palaces, and bustling waterfront.
  • Basilica Cistern: Step into an underground wonderland. This ancient cistern features rows of columns and a mystical ambiance.
  • Galata Tower: Ascend the tower for sweeping views of the city. It’s especially enchanting at sunset.
  • Chora Church: Admire stunning mosaics and frescoes that depict religious scenes with intricate detail.
  • Istanbul Archaeological Museums: Explore artifacts from various cultures that left their mark on Istanbul’s history.

Dos and Don’ts

To ensure a respectful and enjoyable visit, keep these dos and don’ts in mind:


  • Cover Shoulders and Knees: When visiting mosques or religious sites, dress modestly as a sign of respect.
  • Remove Shoes: In mosques, you’ll need to remove your shoes before entering. Follow the lead of locals.
  • Try the Local Greetings: Learn basic Turkish greetings like “Merhaba” (hello) and “Teşekkür ederim” (thank you). Locals appreciate your efforts to embrace their culture.
  • Bargain Politely: If shopping in markets that allow bargaining, do so with a friendly attitude.
  • Carry a Scarf: For female travelers, carrying a scarf is handy for covering your head if you plan to enter a mosque.


  • Don’t Drink in Public During Ramadan: If you visit during Ramadan, avoid eating, drinking, or smoking in public during daylight hours out of respect for those who are fasting.
  • Avoid Public Affection: While holding hands is fine, more intimate gestures should be avoided in public.
  • Don’t Interrupt Prayer: If you’re in a mosque during prayer time, observe quietly and avoid walking in front of worshippers.
  • Avoid Excessive PDA: Similar to above, limit public displays of affection.

Istanbul beckons with its captivating blend of tradition and modernity. Its rich history, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality offer an unforgettable experience. Whether you’re exploring ancient architectural wonders, savoring delectable cuisine, or navigating the bustling bazaars, every moment in Istanbul is a journey into the heart of this enchanting city. So pack your bags, immerse yourself in the stunning mosaic of Istanbul, and create memories that will last a lifetime.